Forklift Safety Tips
- Only forklift operators may operate the forklift.
- Do not use the forklift if any of the following conditions exist:
- the mast has broken or cracked weld-points;
- the roller tracks are not greased or the chains are not free to travel;
- the forks are unequally spaced or cracks exist along the blade or at the heels;
- hydraulic fluid levels are low;
- the hydraulic lines and fittings have excessive wear or are crimped;
- fluid is leaking from the lift or the tilt cylinders;
- the hardware on the cylinders is loose;
- the tires are excessively worn or split, or have missing tire material;
- air filled tires are not filled to the operating pressure indicated on the tire;
- the batteries have cracks or holes, uncapped cells, frayed cables, broken cable insulation, loose connections or clogged vent caps.
Starting the Forklift
Picking Up a Load
- Apply the foot brake and shift gears to neutral before turning the key.
Putting a Load Down
- "Square up" on the center of the load and approach it straight on with the forks in the travel position.
- Stop when the tips of your forks are about a foot from the load.
- Level the forks and slowly drive forward until the load is resting against the backrest of the mast.
- Lift the load high enough to clear whatever is under it.
- Back up about one foot, then slowly and evenly tilt the mast backwards to stabilize the load.
Stacking One Load on Top of Another
- "Square up" and stop about one foot from the desired location.
- Level the forks and drive to the loading spot.
- Slowly lower the load to the floor.
- Tilt the forks slightly forward so that you do not hook the load.
- When the path behind you is clear of obstructions, back straight out until the forks have cleared the pallet.
Forklift Safety Rules
- Stop about one foot away from the loading area and lift the mast high enough to clear the top of the stack.
- Slowly move forward until the load is squarely over the top of the stack.
- Level the forks and lower the mast until the load is no longer supported by the forks.
- Look over both shoulders for obstructions and back straight out if the path is clear.
- Do not use bare forks as a man-lift platform.
- Approach railroad tracks at a 45 angle when driving the forklift.
- Steer the forklift wide when making turns.
- Sound the forklift horn when approaching blind corners, doorways or aisles to alert other operators and pedestrians.
- Do not exceed the lift capacity of the forklift; read the lift capacity plate on the forklift if you are unsure.
- Follow the manufacturer's guidelines concerning changes in the lift capacity before adding an attachment to a forklift.
- Lift the load an inch or two to test for stability; if the rear wheels are not in firm contact with the floor, take a lighter load or use a forklift that has a higher lift capacity.
- Do not raise or lower a load while you are en route; wait until you are in the loading area and have stopped before raising or lowering the load.
- After picking up a load, adjust the forks so that the load is tilted slightly backward for added stability.
- Raise the forks an additional two inches to avoid hitting or scraping the ramp surface as you approach the ramp.
- Obey all traffic rules and signs.
- Drive with the load at a ground clearance height of 4-6 inches at the tips and 2 inches at the heels in order to clear most uneven surfaces and debris.
- Drive at a walking pace and apply the brakes slowly when driving on slippery surfaces such as icy or wet floors.
- Do not drive into an area with a ceiling height that is lower than the height of the mast or overhead guard.
- Do not drive up to anyone standing or working in front of a fixed object such as a wall.
- Do not drive along the edge of an unguarded elevated surface such as a loading dock or staging platform.
- Do not exceed a safe working speed of five miles per hour. Slow down in congested areas when driving the forklift.
- Stay a minimum distance of three truck lengths from other operating mobile equipment.
- Drive in reverse and use a signal person when your vision is blocked by the load.
- Look in the direction that you are driving; proceed when you have a clear path.
- Do not drive the forklift while people are on the attached man-lift platform.
- Drive unloaded forklifts in reverse when going up a ramp and forward when going down a ramp.
- Drive a loaded forklift in a forward gear when going up a ramp; upon approaching the ramp, raise the forks an additional two inches to avoid hitting or scraping the ramp surface.
- Do not attempt to turn the forklift around on a ramp.
- Do not use a gear for the opposite direction of travel as a means to slow down or stop the forklift.
- Lower the mast completely, turn the engine off and set the parking brake before leaving your forklift.
- Keep the forklift clear of the dock edge while vehicles are backing up to the dock.
- Do not begin loading or unloading until the supply truck has come to a complete stop, the engine has been turned off, the dock lock has been engaged and the wheels have been chocked.
- Do not drive the forklift into the truck until the bridge or dock plate has been attached.
- Do not drive the forklift into a truck bed or onto a trailer that has "soft" or loose decking or other unstable flooring.
- Drive straight across the bridge plates when entering or exiting the trailer.
- Use dock lights or headlights when working in a dark trailer.
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WM Manufacturing Ltd.
PO Box 3336
Mission, BC V2V 4J5
Family owned and operated since 1972
Often imitated... never equalled!
Insist on genuine Forklift Ramps Mobile Dock Systems.
Forklift Ramps MDS are generically referred to as:
• loading ramps
• portable ramps
• mobile ramps
• loading dock ramp
• portable loading ramp
• portable loading dock
• mobile loading dock
• mobile dock ramps
• mobile yard ramps
• loading docks
• yard ramps